How to Improve Your PTE Summarize Written Text Score:
The Summarize Written Text section in PTE Academic Writing Task involves summarizing the important points in the given paragraph and writing a response in a single statement.
Strategies and tips for Summarize Written Text in PTE Academic:
To summarize a passage, first read the whole passage and note the key words, the main idea and the relevant details. Then frame small and simple sentences using the key words. To frame a single statement, use conjunctions and combiners to join the various small sentences. One must be familiar with the usage of complex and compound sentences to frame better sentences
PTE Academic Summarize Written text task
In this task, you must write a response based on a paragraph in only one sentence which starts with a capital letter and ends with a full stop. Your response must lie with in a word limit of 5 to 75 words. To attain this, you can make use of ‘total word count’ counter which lies below the response box. Make sure you stick to the word limit to not lose any marks. Your answer will also be scored based on the content you provide, proper usage of grammar and the appropriate choice of words without any errors.
“The Passages are taken from PRACTICE TESTS PLUS, PTE ACADEMIC, PEARSON TEST OF ENGLISH ACADEMIC from the test developers”.
With all the discussions about protecting the earth and saving the planet, it is easy to forget that we also need to preserve the many species of fish that live in the oceans. In developed countries, much larger quantities of fish are consumed than was the case a century ago when fish only featured on the menu once a week. These days, fish has become a popular healthy alternative to meat and this has created a demand for species such as cod, mackerel and tuna that far outstrips the demands of the previous generation. Throughout the world too, increasing consumption during the past 30 years has meant that the shallow parts of the ocean have been overfished in an effort to supply homes, shops and restaurants with the quantities of fish they require. Yet despite the sophisticated fishing techniques of today, catches are smaller than they were a century or more ago. What is more, boats have to drop their nets much deeper into the oceans and the fish they are coming up with are smaller and weigh less than they used to. While government controls have had some effect on the fish stocks, the future does not offer a promising picture. Experts predict large –scale extinctions and an irreversibly damaging effect on entire ecosystems, unless greater efforts are made to conserve fish stocks and prevent overfishing in the worlds waters.
Step 1: note the key words and points
Fish consumption, Healthier alternative to meat, Shallow parts of ocean overfished, large scale extinction, Irreversible damage, Conserve fish stock, Prevent overfishing
Step 2: frame small sentences
- Consumption of fish has increased over the last century.
- Fish is considered the healthier alternative to meat and hence a demand has been created in the market.
- Shallow parts of the ocean are being overfished to supply to homes, shops and restaurants.
- Despite using sophisticated fishing techniques, the amount of the fish catch has reduced.
- Now experts predict large scale extinctions and irreversible damage on the ecosystem.
- Government should conserve fish stock and prevent over fishing.
Step 3: join the sentences to frame your response
Consumption of fish has increased over the last century and is considered a healthier alternative to meat which has created a demand in the market and hence to satisfy this, shallow parts of the ocean are being overfished and despite using sophisticated fishing techniques, the amount of fish catch has reduced which has led to experts predicting large scale extinctions and irreversible damage on ecosystem which has to be conserved with the help of the Government.
Humans have been cultivating chillies as food for 6000 years, but we are still learning new things about the science behind their heat and how it reacts with our body. In the late 1990s, scientists identified the pain nerves that detect capsaicin: the chemical in chillies responsible for most of the burning sensation in our mouth. But it’s only during the last few years that scientists have also learnt why chillies evolved to be spicy in the first place, and they have managed to cultivate new varieties that are up to 300 times hotter than the common Jalapeno.
The hottest part of a chilli is not the seeds, as many people think, but the white flesh that houses the seeds, known as the placenta. But why did chillies evolve to be hot in the first place? Most scientists believe capsaicin acts mainly as a deterrent against would-be mammal predators such as rodents. But recent research suggests this may not be the whole story. US scientists working in Bolivia have studied how hot and mild chillies differ in their susceptibility to a certain harmful fungus. It turns out that the hotter the chilli, the better its defenses against the fungus, leading the researchers to propose that heat may have evolved to help chillies deal with harmful microbes, as well as hungry mammals.
Capsaicin, the chemical in chillies responsible for the burning sensation in our mouth, was discovered in the late 1990s and is found in the white flesh which houses the seeds, known as the placenta and this chemical helps the chilli by acting as a deterrent against the mammal predators such as rodents and also certain harmful fungi.
English is the world’s lingua franca, the language of science, technology, business, diplomacy and popular culture. That probably explains why it is the world’s most widely spoken language. It probably also explains why native English speakers are so reluctant to learn a second language. It’s not worth the effort.
In 2005, the European Commission carried out a survey of the European Union’s 25 member states. The two with the lowest rates of bilingualism – defined as being able to hold a conversation in more than one language – were the UK and Ireland. About two-thirds of people in these countries speak only English. Only about 25 per cent of US citizens can converse in another language. In Australia, the rates are even lower.
Compare that with continental Europe, where multilingualism is the rule rather than the exception. More than half of EU citizens are bilingual, and not just because they live in countries like Luxembourg with multiple official languages. Even in France, which has only one official language and is immensely proud of its linguistic heritage, most people speak a second language.
Again, that is largely down to the dominance of English. Across Europe, English is by far the most commonly learned language. High levels of bilingualism are not driven by a general desire to learn languages but a specific need to learn English.
English acts as the world’s lingua franca as it is the world’s most widely spoken language which explains why native English speakers are reluctant to learn a second language since they believe it’s not worth the effort and this was established in a survey conducted by European Commission that most of the citizens in countries like UK, Ireland, U.S.A and Australia are monolingual where as citizens from countries of continental Europe like France are multilingual.