Candidates aiming for 7 and above in In the IELTS Academic Writing test need to put in a lot of effort to get the required score. Even 6.5 is difficult to achieve if you have not practiced the IELTS writing tasks before.

It is important to know that you cannot do self-study in a writing task—you do need some IELTS coaching in order to get feedback and to improve on your writing.

These IELTS Academic writing tips with some IELTS writing examples and IELTS writing vocabulary will help you do well in the IELTS Academic Writing Task.

There are 2 IELTS Academic Writing tasks. Together, you will have 1 hour to complete both the tasks

IELTS Academic Task 1has to be completed in 20 minutes and Task 2 in 40 minutes.

For Task 1 you need to write about 150 words.


IELTS Academic Writing Task 1

Task 1 on the IELTS Academic is quite predictable. You will be asked to describe and interpret an image, graph, table or describe a process.

You will be assessed on your language skills, your ability to report facts, identify main features and to compare and contrast any given data.

Task 1 is easy because you have to write down only what you see. You need not write from your imagination or give your opinion. However, you have only 20 minutes to write down the response.

The word limit is usually 150-200 words.

Use the following steps to come up with a good 7 band response.

  • Understand that Task I on the IELTS is very predictable
  • You need to have a few sentences prepared to write down the introduction
  • You need to spend some time looking at the diagram/chart/table and make notes
  • Write down the response as per the tasks given

 Now let’s look at the given sample


Look at the diagram:                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         HOW TO SCORE GOOD MARKS IN IELTS 2018




















What is in the diagram? There is a pie chart and a table

What does it show?    Causes of land degradation

What other information does it show? It shows different regions and causes of degradation in each of these regions

Now let us read question prompt. This gives more clues about the picture:

  • It shows us the main reason why agricultural land became less productive
  • The table shows how 3 regions were affected by these causes
  • The information is from the 1990s

 Use the highlighted phrases as key when you write.

  1. Understand the task

Now look at the task: Summarize the information by selecting and reporting the main features and make comparisons where relevant.

The main tasks are:

  • Summarize the information
  • Report the main features
  • Make comparisons


  1. Start your writing task with a proper introduction:


Your first paragraph should be a simple introduction. What does this chart talk about? Make sure you do not copy from the task. You can make your own introductory statements:


The pie chart and the table show the causes of land degradation all over the world. The table shows the causes of land degradation in the nineties- in North America, Europe and the region of Oceania


There are two pictures shown here.One is a pie-chart that shows the causes of land degradation all over the world. The table shows the causes and percentage of land degradation specific to three areas in the 1990s.


  1. Summarize the information:


A summary means that you briefly write down the information given in a concise manner. This should come right after the introduction.


According to the pie chart the main causes of land degradation all over the world are over-grazing, deforestation and over cultivation.

In the regionwise land degradation table, it has been noticed that Europe has the highest percentage of landdegradation with theOceania region following second and North America having the least percentage of land degradation.


  1. Write in detail the main features:


In the main features, you should write every detail. For example:


In the pie chart, it is shown that overgrazing, at 35% is the most common cause for degradation. Deforestation is the next most reported cause, at 30%.

Overcultivation is also…..Other causes of degradation are at 7%

The table shows that the land degradation in Europe was the highest at 23%, among the 3 regions represented here. The Oceania region…. (give details)North America (give details)


  1. Compare and contrast :


Use comparison words like– similarto, as much as, more than, less than, however, although, as much as, like, maximum, minimum, most, leastand other words to compare and contrast given data.

For example:

Deforestation is the highest cause of land degradation in Europe, whereas in North America deforestation is very little and therefore the least cause.

In the 1990s Europe suffered the worst land degradation due to deforestation (9.8%), over cultivation (7.7%) and overgrazing.

In the Oceania region, maximum land degradation occurred due to overgrazing (11.3%)


  1. Use linkers :


Linkers join two or more simple sentences to form a single complex or compound sentence.

In task-1, linkers play a key role as you need to compare or illustrate or describe the given picture.

For example: However, even though, first of all, instead, to illustrate, in addition, moreover, according to, rather……..


Using the above table/picture as an example, we could say:

In the 1990s, Europe had a huge amount of land degraded due to deforestation, however we can see that the Oceania region had very little deforestation and North America had negligible amount of deforestation.

In the Oceania region, even though over-grazing was the major cause for land degradation, there was no overgrazing found nor much of deforestation.



  1. Divide into paragraphs


Divide the passage you have written intoat least 4-5 paragraphs, to make the passage look more orderly and well structured.

Start with an introduction about what the picture/graph/table is about.

The next para should talk about one area or subject shown in the illustration.

The next paragraphs also could carry different ideas.

Make a concluding paragraph with a summary of what you think.

Using the above table as an example you could structure your passage in this manner:


What is pie chart and table about?

Para 1:

What is are the main causes of land degradation worldwide? Give details


What are the causes of land degradation in the 3 regions given? Give details

Para 3

Compare each region with the other


Europe has the most land degradation because it has high percentage of all the different causes of land degradation.


  1. Accurate information:


The most important part of IELTS Academic Writing Task 1 is that you have to be accurate. You cannot make up figures or write from your knowledge. You have to write exactly what is given in the image.

Even if you write an excellent passage in correct English, you will lose points if you make mistakes while describing the facts.



  1. Word limit:


Practice writing within your word limit of 150 words.See how many lines of your regular handwriting makes up 150 words. Practice writing within that many lines.

You need to write a minimum of 150 words and you can go upto 200 words.

The main scoring point in IELTS Academic Writing is that you should be able to follow instructions and comprehend the task.

Writing more or less than the word limit will fetch you less scores.


  1. Time Management


Plan to finish Task1 within 20 minutes.

Manage your time by dividing your task into several time pockets:

3 minutes—Skim the given image

2 minutes—note down the main features

5 minutes—make a first draft describing the picture.

2 minutes –correct mistakes. Divide the passage into paragraphs by making lines and notations.

5minutes –copy from your notes to the answer sheet.

2 minutes —check for grammar and spelling errors.


  1. Vocabulary, grammar and spellings

Get a very high score by using good vocabulary, keeping your writing error free: no spelling mistakes and no grammatical mistakes. Use simple vocabulary and simple grammar if your level of English is not that high.


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