IELTS Academic Essay writing tips 2018

IELTS Academic Essay writing tips 2018









IELTS Academic Essay writing tips 2018:

To get a good bandwidth(7-7.5 and above) in the IELTS essaywriting section the most important factor is “practice”. You must go through IELTS essays online and in books. Take a look at various essay topics from the past years. Many times, the essay topics get repeated or the topics are similar. Read as many IELTS sample essays as you can—these are also available online. You must join an English class or take training from an English tutor or a friend who knows essay writing as a subject. It is most important that you get feedback on your essays.

6 easy IELTS Essay writing tips:

Scoring on the IELTS Academic Essay depends on the following criteria. If you meet all this criteria, chances are that you will score high:

  1. Task Response


  • Address all issues in the question
  • Stick to your position throughout the essay and do not deviate from the topic
  • All your ideas should be relevant to the topic
  • Support all your ideas with examples or data


  1. Coherence and Cohesion


  • Organize ideas logically—one idea should flow out of another and at the same time stick to the topic
  • Divide ideas into paragraphs—first introduction, then 2-3 body paragraphs and then conclusion.
  • Each body paragraph should have an idea that is central to it
  • Use a range of linking words to express yourself


  1. Lexical Resource


  • Use a wide range of vocabulary. This means that you should use some less common words and strong words to express yourself.
  • No informal language
  • Error free spellings and grammar
  1. Grammatical Range and accuracy


  • Use complex sentence structures
  • Use all tenses, perfecttenses, passivevoice, conditionals correctly
  • Have good control over your grammar
  • Use correct punctuation
  • Good word order

Keeping all the above criteria in mind her are a few steps that will take you comfortably to a good 7

Band score:


  1. The first criteria is to understand the task and respond to the question adequately.


Here are 3 varied topics we can work on. Let us examine the tasks at hand:


Some people think Governments should take measures regarding the healthy life style of individuals. Others think it must be managed by individuals. Discuss both sides and give your opinion

Discuss whathealthy lifestyle is; what measures governments can take; what measures individuals can take; give your opinion—this can be for either government or individual.


The gap between rich and poor is growing. What problems does this create? What can be done to tackle them?

This is a discussion question.no opinion needs to be given. List the problems a rich-poor gap can create. List solutions to the problem


It is necessary for parents to attend parenting training course to bring their children up. Do you agree or disagree?

Here, state your argument right at the beginning. Are you for or against parenting training course? Give examples and sustain your argument till the end.

*Make sure that you never digress from the topic. All points in the essay must be about the topic at hand


  1. Note down major points for each topic:

For example let’s take make notes for the following topic


Some people think Governments should take measures regarding the healthy life style of individuals. Others think it must be managed by individuals. Discuss both sides and give your opinion



Governments can introduce these measures

  • Through public health campaigns educate people on healthy lifestyle
  • Government can levy tax on unhealthy food like sodas,burgers,potato chips and other unhealthy food
  • Government can subsidize healthy food
  • can propagate through ads and TV and radio programs solutions for a healthy lifestyle
  • can insist on all schools to have early morning exercises as part of curriculum
  • Govt can make it mandatory for all large apartment complexes and offices to have a gym and healthy food in canteens
  • Encourage lots of open spaces for walking, jogging and running
  • Free health check-ups and counselling in every community
  • Individuals should follow all the above for a healthy lifestyle


  • Individuals need to exercise regularly and eat healthy
  • Even if govt has many health camps it is up to the individual to attend those and listen to advice on a healthy life style
  • Individuals who are very wealthy and have access to gyms and personal trainers and dieticians are very unhealthy—why?—because they do not follow any advice given by the doctors or government


It is up to the individuals to follow a healthy lifestyle. If an entire population can be made healthy with government initiatives it is good for the country. However, governments cannot be responsible for every individual.


*In an argument/opinion essay there is no right or wrong point of view. However, it is very important that you stick to your opinion throughout the essay.


  1. Organize your thoughts—put them down logically


This means that your essay should be structured properly. Start with an introduction, then 2-3 body paragraphs and then a conclusion.

Take the following topic. You should first note down all the points and then start an essay with an introduction and then different paragraphs with different ideas and lastly give a conclusion. All ideas presented should be such that one idea evolves out of the other.


The gap between rich and poor is growing. What problems does this create? What can be done to tackle them?


Gap between rich and poor creates a poor and dysfunctional nation. Give examples—huge buildings rest along with slums; highly educated people along with illiterates; bigmultispecialty hospitals but govt hospitals in villages don’t even have necessary medicines, beds or even good doctors—inequality seen in every part of society.Inequality can bring down the economy of a government as usually wealth is also distributed unequally—between few wealthy people and a lot of poor people.

Body paragraphs–Problems of inequality

Paragraph 1—crime is one the increase—explain reasons—robbery,looting,frauds,corruption—anything to make a quick buck.Even terrorism increased because youngsters are being paid huge sums to become terrorists

Paragraph 2—Inequality—creates unhappiness—leads to depression—leads to social evils like drugs—this requires huge government resources and money to eradicate

Paragraph 3—Bad health for both rich and poor—brings down efficiency of youth who will work for the country—cripples economic growth


Government and people can work towards many poverty alleviation programs; tax the rich; ensure equality in all sections.

  1. Time yourself and keep within the word limit


You have to finish writing a 250 words essay in 40 minutes. Therefore plan your essay writing task very carefully.

Practice writing essays—see how many pages/lines in your handwriting is 250 words. For example if you write 8 words in a line then about 30-32 lines should suffice for an IELTS Academic essay. That way on the final test day, you need not count the number of words.

10-mins—make notes—write down as many points as you can think of for the topic.

5 mins—arrange all the points logically with introduction,3-4 body paragraphs and conclusion—about 5 paragraphs in all.

10 minutes—make a rough draft of the essay—make all your corrections here so that on the answer paper you can write neatly, without cutting out words or rewriting. Count the words—it should not be too short or too long.245-260 words is a good count.

10 minutes—write down neatly on the answer sheet

5 minutes –check for grammatical and spelling errors.


  1. Use rich vocabulary —use uncommon words, powerful words


To make it to 7-7.5 bandwidth you could use good uncommon words rather than simple words. You must also remember to use them correctly.



Rich people have a lot of money to spare—simple words

The wealthy have money in abundance—good vocabulary

People living in slums do not have good education or good healthcare facilities and so are very unhappy

Slum dwellers are miserable because they lack education and have inadequate healthcare facilities

Parents must take care that their children follow good behavior and should know that they are responsible for it.

Parents are responsible for their children’s exemplary behavior.


Using rich vocabulary will lift your essay up by many notches as it will demonstrate that your grasp over the English language is good.

For this, read as much as possible and use the dictionary and thesaurus to find similar meaning words.


6 Use complex sentences with linkers, conditional and perfect tenses


  • Use words like although, as many as,therefore,since, in spite of,… to connect ideas and sentences
  • Use complex sentences
  • Learn to use perfect tenses in the correct way
  • Use conditional clauses



Since many years, primary health care centers in villages have beenneglected. In spite of increased funding to rural areas, important medicines and nutritious food have not been reaching the poor. Many lives could have been saved through good nutrition even if there were no drugs available.


Final advice:


  • Practice writing—write at least 2 essays per day
  • Ask your tutor to mark your essay based on IELTS criteria
  • Keep making improvements in your essay—practice makes perfect
  • Take essay topics that are published online on several IELTS coaching websites

Read high scoring IELTS essays and see how they have structured their essays.

Read more IELTS blogs click here:






January 2, 2018

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